Privilege 101: National Service


  • AWARE. 2002. Remaking Singapore: Views of Half the Nation. AWARE.
  • J. Y. E. 2018. The Toxic Contradictions of Single-Gender National Service in Singapore. Equality & Democracy.
  • Lee, Michelle. 2017. Let’s Be Real, No One Really Wants Women to Serve NS. Rice Media.
  • Ling Wei Chan, Samuel. 2019. Aristocracy of Armed Talent: The Military Elite in Singapore. NUS Press.
  • Tan, Jolene. 2013. A new face for National Service?. AWARE.

More references regarding racial privilege in NS:

  • Barr and Low, 2005. Assimilation as multiracialism: The case of Singapore’s Malays. Asian Ethnicity 6 (3), 161-182.
  • Lyons and Ford, 2012. Defending the nation: Malay men’s experience of National Service in Singapore. Men and Masculinities in Southeast Asia, 153-172.
  • Walsh, S. 2007. The roar of the Lion City: Ethnicity, gender, and culture in the Singapore armed forces. Armed Forces & Society 33 (2), 265-285.
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